Offer no. 12/14

Pd/ZrO2/C catalyst, process for the preparation of the Pd/ZrO2/C catalyst, its use in formic acid fuel cells, and such a fuel cell

  • Summary:

    The subject of the present invention is a Pd/ZrO2/C catalyst, in particular for the electrooxidation of formic acid, comprising palladium and zirconium oxide deposited on the carbon support, where in the catalyst Pd/ZrO2/C, the nominal mass ratio of zirconium oxide to carbon is in the range of 0.11 - 0.66, preferably (0.25). The catalyst self-activates by spontaneous cell voltage oscillations which do not requires supplying of energy from an external source. Furthermore, the invention comprises a process of the preparation of a Pd/ZrO2/C catalyst, its use for electrooxidation of formic acid in fuel cells fed with formic acid, and such a formic acid fuel cell.

  • Inventors:
    Andrzej Borodziński, Karol Juchniewicz, Piotr Kędzierzawski, Agata Zimoch, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydłowski, Artur Małolepszy, Marta Mazurkiewicz, Anna Mikołajczuk-Zychora, Leszek Stobiński
  • Advantages / Innovative aspects:
    • The use ofcheaperformic acid (fuel) of lower purity(reagent grade insteadHPLC),
    • Significant improvement of stability of palladium catalysts for electrooxidation of formic acid of a reagent grade purity,
    • Spontaneous regeneration of palladium catalyst during the electrooxidation of formic acid of reagent grade purity.
  • Keywords:
    Fuel cell, palladium catalysts, formic acid, alternative sources of electric energy
  • Field:
  • Usage:

    The catalyst is applied on anode of the low-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell fed with a formic acid. Such a fuel cell can be used to power small portable devices (phones, laptops).

    Composites, fuel batteries, hydrogen production, unconventional or alternative sources of energy, fuels, micro. and nanotechnologies.

  • State of the progress:
    stage of research
  • Intellectual property rights:
    Patent in Poland
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