Department of Electrochemistry, Corrosion and Applied Surface Science

Head of Department: Prof. Tadeusz Zakroczymski
tel. 343-3234,
room. 211
Research areas
The research studies at the Department involves various areas and they are realized by the following research groups.

1. Electrochemistry and Corrosion
  • Kinetics and mechanism of corrosion of metals in aqueous environments:

  • - passivation and depassivation of metals,
    - composition and structure of passive layers,
    - localised corrosion (stress corrosion cracking, pitting, intergranular corrosion).
  • Hydrogen in metals and alloys:

  • - entry of hydrogen into metals from electrolytes,
    - transport (diffusion) of hydrogen,
    - interaction of hydrogen with structural defects,
    - effect of hydrogen on mechanical properties (hydrogen embrittlement).
  • Modification of metal surface (plasma nitriding, PA CVD, conversion layers):

  • - corrosion behaviour,
    - interaction with hydrogen.
  • Studies and expertises for industry:

  • - analysis of corrosion and hydrogen failures,
    - monitoring of corrosion,
    - protection methods.

2. Applied Surface Science
  • Theory of electron transport in solid for applications in electron spectroscopies.
  • Elastic electron backscattering from surfaces of solids.
  • Characterization of solid surfaces and surface processes.
  • Qualitative and quantitative analysis of solid surfaces.
  • Structure, composition and electron properties of the first atomic layers of solids.
  • Application of the pattern recognition methods in electron spectroscopies.

3. Thermodynamics of phase equilibrium
  • Description, correlation, critical evaluation, and prediction of vapour-liquid and liquid-liquid equilibrium and solubility data for technology and environmental protection.
  • Methodology of correlation and critical evaluation of thermodynamics data for binary- and multi-component systems containing organic substances and water, and development of selected and recommended data bases.
  • Methodology of prediction of phase equilibrium for systems as above and calculations of reference data.
  • Updating of data bank of phase equilibrium and related thermodynamics properties.

4. Centre for Physical Chemistry of Materials

Specialized Laboratories

Major publications (since 2000)

  Electrochemistry and Corrosion
  1. J. Flis, J. Mańkowski, T. Zakroczymski
    Elemental composition and corrosion resistance of plasma nitrided stainless steels.
    Corros. Sci., 42, 313-327 (2000).
  2. E. Łunarska
    Hydrogen behaviour in the iron surfach layer modified by plasma nitriding and ion boronising.
    Mater. and Corros., 51, 1-9 (2000).
  3. E. Owczarek, T. Zakroczymski
    Hydrogen transport in a duplex stainless steel.
    Acta mater., 48, 3059-3070 (2000).
  4. J. Flis, J. Mańkowski, T. Zakroczymski, T. Bell
    The formation of phosphate coatings on nitrided stainless steels.
    Corr. Sci., 43, 1711-1725 (2001).
  5. E. Łunarska, K. Nikoforow, T. Wierzchoń, I. Ulbin-Pokorska
    Efekt of plasma nitriding on hydrogen behaviour in electroplated chromium coatings
    Surf. and Coatings Technology, 145, 139-145 (2001).
  6. J. Flis, A. Gajek
    Impedancje parameters of nitrided 304L stainless steel in an acidified sulphate solution.
    J. Electroanal. Chem., 515, 82-9- (2001).
  7. T. Zakroczymski. J. Flis, N. Łukomski, J. Mańkowski
    Entry, transport and absorption of hydrogen in low-temperature plasma nitrided austenitic stainless steel.
    Acta mater., 49, 1929-1938 (2001).
  8. T. Zakroczymski, E. Owczarek
    Electrochemical investigation of hydrogen absorption in a duplex stainless steel.
    Acta mater., 50, 2701-2713 (2002).

  Physical Chemistry of Surface
  1. A. Jabloński
    Evaluation of Calculated and Measured Electron Inelastic Mean Free Path Near Solid.
    Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 28, 19-62 (1999).
  2. B. Lesiak, A. Jabloński, J. Zemek, M. Trchova, J. Stejskal
    Determination of the inelastic mean free path of electrons in different polyaniline samples.
    Langmuir, 16, 1415-1423 (2000).
  3. J.W. Sobczak, A. Kosiński, A. Jabloński and W. Palczewska
    Catalytic reactivity and surface chemistry of polyaniline(EB) .Pd-H2O systems.
    Topics in Catalysis, 11/12, 307-316 (2000).
  4. M. Krawczyk, L. Zommer, A. Jabloński, C. Robert, J. Pavluch, L. Bideaux and B. Gruzza
    Electron inelastic mean free paths (IMFPs) in binary Au-Cu alloys determined by elastic electron spectroscopy.
    Surface and Interface Analysis, 31, 415-420 (2001).
  5. A. Jabloński, C.J. Powell
    The electron attenuation length revisited.
    Surface Science Report, 47, 33-91 (2002).
  6. A. Jablonski
    Analytical Applications of Elastic Electron Backscattering from Surfaces.
    Progress Surface Sci., 74, 357-374 (2003).
  7. J.W. Sobczak, E. Sobczak, A. Drelinkiewicz, M. Hasik, E. Wenda
    Local structure of Pd-doped polymer investigated by a linear combination of XANES spectra.
    J. Alloys and Compounds, 362, 162-166 (2004).
  8. A. Jablonski and C. J. Powell
    "NIST Electron Inelastic-Mean-Free-Path Database, Version 1.1", (SRD 71), U.S. Department of Commerce,
    National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland (2000).
  9. A. Jablonski, F. Salvat and C. J. Powell
    "NIST Electron Elastic-Scattering Cross-Section Database, Version 3.0", (SRD 64), U.S. Department of Commerce,
    National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland (2002).

Thermodynamics of phase equilibrium

12 volumes in the book series on selected and critically evaluated vapor-liquid equilibrium data, eg.
  • A. M±czyński, P. Oracz, A. Bok, A. Skrzecz
    Binary systems of C4 to C11 ketones with C1 to C10 organic compounds and water.
    Vapor-Liquid Equilibria Series; Vol. 12, Ketones - Part 2
1IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series - collection of compilations of experimental results published in the literature together with critical evaluation, eg.
  • A. Skrzecz, D.G. Shaw, A. M±czyński IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series. 69 Ternary Alcohol-Hydrocarbon-Water Systems. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 28 (4), 983-1236 (1999).
  • V.P. Sazonov, D.G. Shaw with the assistance of Evaluators: V.P. Sazonov, N.V. Sazonov, A. Skrzecz IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series. 78 Acetonitrile Binary Systems. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 31 (4), 989-1133 (2002).
Recommended Data on VLE and LLE phase equilibrium have been published published in Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data in two series eg.
  • M. Góral, P. Oracz, A. Skrzecz, A. Bok, A. M±czyński
    Recommended Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data. Part 2. Binary Alcohol-Alkane Systems.
    J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 32, (4),1429-1472 (2003).

Centre for Physical Chemistry of Materials

  1. A. Kudelski, M. Janik-Czachor, M. Pisarek, J. Bukowska, P. Mack, M. Dolata, A. Szummer - Local characterisation of inhomogeneous Cu surfaces by surface-enhanced Raman scattering - Surface Science, 507-510 (2002) 441-446
  2. A. Szummer, M. Janik-Czachor, P. Mack, M. Pisarek - High resolution electron probe characterization of modified Cu-based amorphous alloys, Microscopy & Microanalysis Vol.9 No.4 (2003) 359-367
  3. M. Janik-Czachor, A. Ja¶kiewicz P. Kędzierzawski, Z. Werner - Stability of the passive state of Al-Ta and Al-Nb amorphous alloys, Mat. Sci. Eng. A, 358 (2003) 171-177.
  4. M. Dolata, P. Kędzierzawski - Passivation of Silver and Current Oscillations During Anodic Dissolution of Silver in H2SO4 + Ag+ Solutions, Polish J. Chem., 77 1199 (2003).
  5. A. Sadkowski, M. Dolata, J.-P. Diard - Kramers-Kronig Transforms as Validation of Electrochemical Immittance Data Near Discontinuity, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 151(1) E20-E31 (21004).
  6. A. Sadkowski - On some dynamic peculiarities of the charge transfer with adsorption and attractive interactions, Electrochimica Acta 49-14 (2004) 2259-22697.
  7. A. Sadkowski - On specific properties of electrochemical immittance close to discontinuity point, Electrochimica Acta 49-16 (2004) 2653-2659.
  8. M. Pisarek, M.Janik-Czachor, A. Gebert, A. Molnar, B. Rae Effect of hydrogen charging on catalytic activity of Cu-Hf amorphous alloys, Applied Catalysis A (General) 267 (2004) 1-8